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Presence of language-learning opportunities and migration

Matthias Huber, Silke Uebelmesser

This paper analyses the effect of the presence of German language learning opportunities abroad on migration to Germany. We use information on the presence of the Goethe-Institut (GI), which is an association that promotes German culture and offers language courses and standardized exams. Our unique... Full description

Main Author: Huber, Matthias
Contributors: Übelmesser, Silke | Author
Corporate Author: CESifo GmbH | Issuing Body
Published: Munich, Germany, CESifo, Center for Economic Studies & Ifo Institute, [2019]
Series: CESifo working paper : Category 4, Labour markets
no. 7569 (March 2019)
Fulltext access: Fulltext access (direct link - free access)
Availability is being checked...
Links: Volltext (hdl.handle.net)
Volltext (www.cesifo-group.de)
Volltext (www.cesifo-group.de)
Keywords: Deutschland > Auswärtige Kulturpolitik > Sprachenpolitik > Goethe-Institut (München) > Ziele und Programme von Institutionen/Organisationen > Deutsch > Fremdsprache > Sprachenlernen/Sprachunterricht > Angebot an Gütern und Dienstleistungen > Geographische Verteilung > Global > Korrelation > Internationale Migration > Einwanderung/Einwanderer > Internationaler Vergleich/Ländervergleich > Deutschsprachige Länder > Schweiz > Statistische Analyse
Frieden > Krieg > Einkommen > Bruttoinlandsprodukt
Germany > Foreign cultural policy > Language policy > Aims and programmes of institutions/organizations > German > Foreign languages > Language education > Supply of goods and services > Geographical distribution > Global > Correlation > International migration > Immigration/immigrants > International/country comparison > German speaking countries > Switzerland > Statistical analysis
Peace > War > Income > Gross domestic product
Language: English
Physical Description: 1 Online-Ressource (28 Seiten), Illustrationen.
ID (e.g. DOI, URN): 10419/198929
PPN (Catalogue-ID): 166259593X
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520 |a This paper analyses the effect of the presence of German language learning opportunities abroad on migration to Germany. We use information on the presence of the Goethe-Institut (GI), which is an association that promotes German culture and offers language courses and standardized exams. Our unique dataset covers 69 countries for the period 1977 to 2014. In this multiple-origin and single-destination framework, we estimate fixed-effects models as our basic specification. We find evidence that the number of language institutes of the GI in a country is positively correlated with migration from that country to Germany. The correlation is higher for countries with lower income, larger linguistic distance and without wars. To establish causality, we consider Switzerland as an alternative destination country as the decision to open a language institute in a country is exogenous to migration flows from that country to Switzerland. We find that the institutes of the GI also affect migration flows to the German-speaking part of Switzerland, but not to the French- and Italian-speaking part. Backed by further extensions which control for the presence of multilateral resistance and omitted variable bias, we interpret our results as presenting a causal effect from language learning opportunities to migration flows. 
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