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A Novel Off-Grid Optimal Hybrid Energy System for Rural Electrification of Tanzania Using a Closed Loop Cooled Solar System

A large proportion of the world’s populations live in developing countries. Rural areas in many of these countries are isolated geographically from grid connections and they have a very low rate of electrification. The uninterrupted power supply (UPS) in these regions is a considerable challenge. Th... Full description

Main Author: Muhammad Adil Khan
Contributors: Kamran Zeb | Author
P. Sathishkumar | Author
Himanshu | Author
S. Srinivasa Rao | Author
Chandu V. V. Muralee Gopi | Author
Hee-Je Kim | Author
Contained in: Energies (01.04.2018)
Journal Title: Energies
Fulltext access: Fulltext access (direct link - free access) 10.3390/en11040905
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Links: Additional Link (dx.doi.org)
Additional Link (doaj.org)
Additional Link (www.mdpi.com)
Fulltext access (doaj.org)
ISSN: 1996-1073
DOI: 10.3390/en11040905
Language: English
Physical Description: Online-Ressource
ID (e.g. DOI, URN): 10.3390/en11040905
PPN (Catalogue-ID): DOAJ030299985
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520 |a A large proportion of the world’s populations live in developing countries. Rural areas in many of these countries are isolated geographically from grid connections and they have a very low rate of electrification. The uninterrupted power supply (UPS) in these regions is a considerable challenge. The use of renewable energy resources (RER) in an off-grid hybrid energy system can be a pathway to solving this problem. Tanzania has a very low electrification rate (rural 16.9%, urban 65.3%). This paper discussed, described, designed a novel uninterruptible, and environmental friendly solar-wind hybrid energy system (HES) for remote area of Tanzania having closed loop cooled-solar system (CLC-SS). An optimized configuration for the proposed HES was obtained by Hybrid Optimization Model for Electric Renewable (HOMER) analysis software using local solar and wind resources. The designed CLC-SS improved the efficiency of the hybrid solar-wind systems by extracting more power from the solar modules. An evaluation of CLC-SS revealed a 10.23% increase in power output from conventional solar PV modules. The results validate that the optimized system’s energy cost (COE) is 0.26 $/kWh and the net present cost (NPC) of the system is $7110.53. The enhanced output solar wind hybrid system, designed in this paper is cost-effective and can be applied easily to other regions of the world with similar climate conditions. 
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700 0 |a Chandu V. V. Muralee Gopi  |e verfasserin  |4 aut 
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