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Is it adaptive to disengage from demands of social change? Adjustment to developmental barriers in opportunity-deprived regions

This paper investigates how individuals deal with demands of social and economic change in the domains of work and family when opportunities for their mastery are unfavorable. Theoretical considerations and empirical research suggest that with unattainable goals and unmanageable demands motivational... Full description

Main Author: Tomasik, J.
Contributors: Silbereisen, K. | Author
Heckhausen, Jutta | Author
Contained in: Motivation and Emotion New York, NY [u.a.] : Springer Science+Business Media B.V Vol. 34, No. 4 (2010), p. 384-398
Journal Title: Motivation and Emotion
Fulltext access: Fulltext access (direct link - free access) 10.1007/s11031-010-9177-6
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Links: Volltext (dx.doi.org)
ISSN: 1573-6644
Additional Keywords: Context
Developmental regulation
Disengagement
Globalization
Life-span theory of control
Opportunity structures
OriginalPaper
Primary and secondary control
Social change
Social ecology
Subjective well-being
DOI: 10.1007/s11031-010-9177-6
Language: English
Notes: Open Access
Physical Description: Online-Ressource
ID (e.g. DOI, URN): 10.1007/s11031-010-9177-6
s11031-010-9177-6
PPN (Catalogue-ID): SPR032444419
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520 |a This paper investigates how individuals deal with demands of social and economic change in the domains of work and family when opportunities for their mastery are unfavorable. Theoretical considerations and empirical research suggest that with unattainable goals and unmanageable demands motivational disengagement and self-protective cognitions bring about superior outcomes than continued goal striving. Building on research on developmental deadlines, this paper introduces the concept of developmental barriers to address socioeconomic conditions of severely constrained opportunities in certain geographical regions. Mixed-effects methods were used to model cross-level interactions between individual-level compensatory secondary control and regional-level opportunity structures in terms of social indicators for the economic prosperity and family friendliness. Results showed that disengagement was positively associated with general life satisfaction in regions that were economically devastated and has less than average services for families. In regions that were economically well off and family-friendly, the association was negative. Similar results were found for self-protection concerning domain-specific satisfaction with life. These findings suggest that compensatory secondary control can be an adaptive way of mastering a demand when primary control is not possible. 
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