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Release of ribosome bound transfer RNA by enzymatic digestion of messenger RNA

A factor other than G factor, which releases tRNA specific for phenylalanine (tRNA^P^h^e) from the complex of ribosomes and polyuridylic acid has been purified and identified as either polynucleotide phosphorylase or ribonuclease II. The release is specific for unesterified tRNA^P^h^e, and phenylala... Full description

Contributors: Ishitsuka, H.
Kaji, A.
Sekundärausgabe Online edition, Elsevier Journal Backfiles on ScienceDirect 1907 - 2002 ; 041023-8
Contained in: BBA Section Nucleic Acids And Protein Synthesis Amsterdam : Elsevier Vol. 262, No. 1 (1972), p. 75-87
Journal Title: BBA Section Nucleic Acids And Protein Synthesis
Fulltext access: Fulltext access (direct link*)
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Links: Additional Link (linkinghub.elsevier.com)
ISSN: 0005-2787
Language: English
Notes: Copyright: Copyright (c) 2002 Elsevier Science B.V.
Physical Description: Online-Ressource
ID (e.g. DOI, URN): 0005-2787(72)90220-1
PPN (Catalogue-ID): NLEJ185890253
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520 |a A factor other than G factor, which releases tRNA specific for phenylalanine (tRNA^P^h^e) from the complex of ribosomes and polyuridylic acid has been purified and identified as either polynucleotide phosphorylase or ribonuclease II. The release is specific for unesterified tRNA^P^h^e, and phenylalanyl-tRNA could not be released by digestion of polyuridylic acid. This is because phenylalanyl-tRNA, but not unesterified tRNA^P^h^e, protects the ribosome-bound polyuridylic acid from digestion by these enzymes. Dissociation of ribosomes in the presence of the initiation factor (F3) does not take place if the ribosome contains bound tRNA. When tRNA^P^h^e is removed from the ribosomal complex by ribonuclease II, through its digestion of polyuridylic acid, the initiation factor (F3) dissociates the 70-S ribosomes into 50-S and 30-S ribosomal subunits. tRNA, released from the ribosomal complex by these enzymes, retained its capacity to accept amino acid. 
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