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Der extrakardiale Thoraxschmerz | Noncardiac Chest Pain

Die differentialdiagnostische Abklärung und adäquate Therapie eines Patienten mit Thoraxschmerzen stellen an den behandelnden Arzt hohe fachliche Anforderungen. Lebensbedrohliche Erkrankungen als Ursache eines extrakardialen Thoraxschmerzes, wie die Aortendissektion, der Pneumothorax und die Lungene... Full description

Main Author: Adolph, Esther
Contributors: Ince, Hüseyin | Author
Chatterjee, Tushar | Author
Nienaber, A. Prof. Dr. | Author
Contained in: Herz : Cardiovascular Diseases München : Urban & Vogel Vol. 29, No. 6 (2004), p. 582-588
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Links: Volltext (dx.doi.org)
ISSN: 1615-6692
Additional Keywords: Aortendissektion
Gastroösophageale Erkrankung
Muskuloskeletale Erkrankung
Myokardinfarkt
OriginalPaper
Thoraxschmerz
DOI: 10.1007/s00059-004-2599-8
Language: German
Physical Description: Online-Ressource
ID (e.g. DOI, URN): 10.1007/s00059-004-2599-8
s00059-004-2599-8
PPN (Catalogue-ID): SPR001047361
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Internes Format
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520 |a Die differentialdiagnostische Abklärung und adäquate Therapie eines Patienten mit Thoraxschmerzen stellen an den behandelnden Arzt hohe fachliche Anforderungen. Lebensbedrohliche Erkrankungen als Ursache eines extrakardialen Thoraxschmerzes, wie die Aortendissektion, der Pneumothorax und die Lungenembolie, müssen neben dem kardial bedingten Thoraxschmerz des akuten Koronarsyndroms rasch nachgewiesen oder differentialdiagnostisch ausgeschlossen werden. Ziel dieser Übersicht ist die Darstellung von Ursachen und rationellen diagnostischen Strategien zur Abklärung des extrakardialen Thoraxschmerzes. In patients with an acute chest pain syndrome the primary requirement is to diagnose or exclude acute myocardial ischemia or myocardial infarction. However, only 30% of patients admitted and evaluated for chest pain ultimately reveal the diagnosis of acute coronary syndrome. Traditionally, the initial evaluation of patients presenting with chest discomfort or pain to an emergency department or any general practice involves the triad of history, physical examination, and ECG and chest film evaluation. With the diagnostic routine of bedside enzymatic tests for cardiac biomarkers, it has become easier to identify acute coronary syndromes, but at the same time more compelling to pinpoint other differential diagnoses, once coronary syndromes are excluded. When a cardiac origin of any nonsuggestive chest pain syndrome has been excluded, a broad spectrum of other causes for noncardiac chest pain needs to be evaluated. Potential underlying disorders are listed in this overview and grouped according to pathoanatomic origin into aortic, respiratory, and gastroesophageal disorders, musculoskeletal pathology, and somatization disorders. This article reviews both symptoms and diagnostic pathways in patients with noncardiac chest pain, and eventually offers a rational strategy for an efficacious workup of a wide spectrum of important differential diagnoses. 
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