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Point defects in alkaline-earth fluorides after thermal neutron irradiation

Single crystals of MgF2, CaF2, SrF2 and BaF2 have been irradiated with polarized, thermal neutrons at temperatures between 10 K and 300 K. The neutron capture process$$^{19} F(\vec n, \gamma )^{20} \vec F$$ creates polarized, β-active20 F(τβ=16s) probe nuclei, which are displaced by the γ recoil and... Full description

Main Author: Buttler, W.
Contributors: Stöckmann, -J.
Ackermann, H.
Dörr, K.
Fujara, F.
Grupp, H.
Heitjans, P.
Kiese, G.
Körblein, A.
Dubbers, D.
Contained in: Zeitschrift für Physik Berlin : Springer Vol. 45, No. 4 (1982), p. 273-282
Journal Title: Zeitschrift für Physik
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Links: Volltext (dx.doi.org)
ISSN: 1431-584X
Keywords: OriginalPaper
DOI: 10.1007/BF01321863
Language: English
Physical Description: Online-Ressource
ID (e.g. DOI, URN): 10.1007/BF01321863
BF01321863
PPN (Catalogue-ID): SPR012404764
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520 |a Single crystals of MgF2, CaF2, SrF2 and BaF2 have been irradiated with polarized, thermal neutrons at temperatures between 10 K and 300 K. The neutron capture process$$^{19} F(\vec n, \gamma )^{20} \vec F$$ creates polarized, β-active20 F(τβ=16s) probe nuclei, which are displaced by the γ recoil and thus produce some nearby point defects. These defects have been studied by their influence on20 F NMR signals being monitored via the asymmetric β-decay radiation of the polarized20 F nuclei. From our results we conclude that in the fluorites CaF2, SrF2 and BaF2 thermal neutron irradiation leads to the formation of anion Frenkel pairs, the predominant intrinsic defect in such crystals. Correlated recombination of these close Frenkel pairs with activation enthalpies of about 0.2 eV was observed at temperatures around 80 K. A second annealing stage occurs near 220 K corresponding to an activation enthalpy of about 0.6 eV. Possible annealing mechanisms responsible for this stage are discussed. In tetragonal MgF2 two annealing stages were found at 13 K and 60 K corresponding to 0.037 eV and 0.17 eV, respectively. The stage at 60 K possibly reflects migration of the H entre whereas the interpretation of the 13 K stage remains an open question. 
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700 1 |a Ackermann, H. 
700 1 |a Dörr, K. 
700 1 |a Fujara, F. 
700 1 |a Grupp, H. 
700 1 |a Heitjans, P. 
700 1 |a Kiese, G. 
700 1 |a Körblein, A. 
700 1 |a Dubbers, D. 
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